Installing Drip Irrigation

This raised bed now has a regular supply of water from a nearby rain barrel
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A few years ago my brother bought me a bunch of tubing and connectors to set up a drip irrigation system. The components made it to my garage but I was intimidated by all the little parts and by what appeared to be complicated instructions.
We had a few days of rain this week so I decided that it was time to pull everything out and have a go at designing an irrigation system for my two raised vegetable beds.It turned out I had ample materials for one raised bed, but I needed a few more connectors for the other. I was able to find what I needed at Lee Valley Tools.

I began with 1/2" hose, 1/4" tubing, compression fittings and 1/4" hose connectors
Hoses and connectors
1/4″ connectors: straight, elbow and T
Punching holes
I cut all of the pieces I needed
Then began to connect them all
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Basically I began with a compression connector which connects the male end of my regular hose to the 1/2″ irrigation hose. Then once I determined the length of the 1/2″ hose I needed (just short of 5′) I cut it off and applied another compression connector with an end cap.
I punched 10 holes in the 1/2″ hose at 12″ intervals, 5 on each side. Into those holes I inserted a straight barbed connector attached to a 23 1/2″ piece of 1/4″ drip tubing. A the other end of each of these pieces of drip tubing I used additional connectors and several 11 1/2″ pieces of tubing to make a loop system. 
 
A Y-splitter gives both raised beds access to the rain barrel
Quick connector makes taking the hose off easy
I made my own hooks to secure the tubing
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Shepherd’s hooks were fashioned from clothes hanger wire and used to secure the tubing in place in the soil.
I attached a Y-splitter to my rain barrel so that I could water both beds at the same time. I also added some quick connectors to the hoses so that I could disconnect them when they weren’t in use. Because this is system isn’t connected to a potable water source I didn’t install a backflow preventer. 
 
Because the water pressure is minimal, I didn’t concern myself with a pressure regulator. I would consider at minimum the backflow preventer if I had it attached to my home water supply.
 
The final outcome is a drip irrigation system that uses rain water and gravity
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Build a composter from…Whatever you’ve got

When it comes to building something new for my garden, I like to use what I have rather than buy something ready made. Today I decided that I needed a new composter for under a tree in the front yard. I have a pile of compost out there that needs to be properly processed.

I had an old tomato cage and some plastic netting.

I had an old tomato cage and some plastic netting.

I found an old tomato cage that I built a few years ago out of concrete reinforcing mesh. I also had some pieces of plastic garden netting that I thought might keep the compost in place yet assure lots of air flow.

I used zip ties to attach the netting

I used zip ties to attach the netting

Using zip ties (does anybody else love zip ties as much as I do?) I attached the netting to the tomato cage. I moved the new composter to the front yard and filled it with some of the organic material I had piled up. A good soaking with the hose and I’ve got a working compost pile.

Loaded the new composer and gave it a good soaking

Loaded the new composer and gave it a good soaking

Graduation! Gardeninggrrl is now a Master Composter/Recycler

Counsellor Ben Henderson, Waste Management's Bud Latta, and Graduate

Counsellor Ben Henderson, Waste Management’s Bud Latta, and Graduate Gardeninggrrl

Last week my class of Edmonton Master Composter/Recyclers graduated from the 2013 City of Edmonton’s MCR program.

A like-minded group of 28 waste conscious Edmontonians, we spent 40 hours in class and at various sites around the city learning everything and anything about reducing waste, recycling and reuse.

Our job is to now disseminate this wealth of knowledge by sharing it with our friends, families and communities. My plan is to work to educate people about the benefits of grasscycling, composting and overall reduction of materials that needn’t go to the Edmonton Waste Management Centre.

I’ve already worked the Waste Management booth at one event and have another one scheduled for tonight. It is, after all, International Compost Awareness Week! It’s practically a religious holiday for Master Composters 🙏

Edmonton Master Composter Recycler Program Lesson Four: Vermicomposting

Vermicomposting or worm composting is one of the easiest ways of ridding yourself of those kitchen scraps without sending them to the Edmonton Waste Management Facility.

I read Worms Eat My Garbage by Mary Appelhof many years ago when I began my first worm bin while living in an apartment in Winnipeg. I didn’t have any place to compost on a large scale, so vermicomposting was my solution to reducing my waste.

I discovered that worms were voracious eaters and could multiply at a rate that would put rabbits to shame. My Rubbermaid bin of worms could go through almost four litres of kitchen waste per week.

Worm bin

Worm bin

Starting your own worm bin is an easy task.

What do you need?
A non-biodegradable bin that can be drilled with holes.
A lid for the bin.
Bedding material such as shredded newspaper or leaves, corncobs, or paper towels.
Water
Food waste
Worms: usually red wigglers because they like shallow depth

Your bin should be about five times the size of your weekly volume of waste. A microwave size bin will handle an ice cream pail full of waste.

Begin by filling the bin with bedding material. Soak this with water for a few minutes and drain off the excess. Add some starting microbes by adding soil or compost. Add your food waste, burying it below the bedding. Add a handful of worms. It will take the worms three months to multiply to their maximum number, so initially be careful not to over feed them.

Feed them: vegetable scraps, tea bags, tea leaves, coffee grounds, dried out and crushed egg shells, fruit and fruit peelings, grains and nuts.

Don’t feed them: lots of fresh discards, meat and dairy, oily or salty foods, lots of one thing, quantities of yard waste, chemically treated items, non-biodegradable items, cat, dog or human feces.

Red wigglers

Red wigglers

To harvest worm castings you can use:
1. The side-to-side method. Simply move the old bedding to one side of your bin and add fresh material on the other. The worms will migrate to the new food source and you can harvest the completed material.
2. Bright light and scoop method. Shine a bright lamp on your bin and scoop castings from the top as the worms scurry for darkness.
3. The Sun-dried Method: Make piles of compost outside in the bright sunlight. The worms will work their way down to the bottom of the pile.

Castings can be used in potting soil (25% by volume), as a top dressing for perennials and annuals, or as a starter mix for seedlings (add an inch to the bottom of a transplant hole or seed row).

Special thanks to this weeks special instructors:
Christine Werk, MCR 2010
Hannah Heaton, MCR 2012

Edmonton Master Composter Recycler Program Lesson Seven: Waste Collection

Over the past month I have been sharing my experience with the Edmonton Master Composter-Recycler Program. Maybe it will inspire somebody to learn more about composting. Maybe a few people will discover more about recycling. Perhaps more than one reader will find something here that they can take away and use in their own community.

John Borden, a Waste Inspector and former Waste Collector visited our class this week to speak about waste collection in Edmonton.image

If I were to sum up his talk in a short phrase I’d say, “Please be courteous and mindful of how dangerous your waste collector’s job is”.

There is a voluminous document that outlines the bylaws with respect to waste collection in the City of Edmonton. The goal of the Waste Management Bylaw 13777 is to keep collectors and the public safe from injury, exposure to contaminants and hazards. Their job is at best difficult and at worst downright dangerous. There are things that we can do to make it easier for the collectors to move quickly, safely and efficiently through their route each day.

imageKeep it Light

Waste containers should be no more than 100 litres, have solid handles and have a 20 kg max weight (44 lbs). Less is better, but the minimum size for a waste container is 60 litres. If you have an oversized container, don’t expect the collector to reach inside to remove recyclables or garbage.

Pack Sharp Objects
Broken glass, needles, shards of pottery, anything that can cause injury to collectors should not go in the garbage unless it is safely enclosed. Pack them and label the box so that the collector is aware of what’s inside. Don’t put broken glass or needles in a garbage bag where they may shift and injure the worker.

Don’t Overfill
Refuse should not be above the top of a garbage container. Not only can this create a mess, it makes it difficult for your collector to lift and empty the bin.

Bag the Loose Stuff
To keep the mess to a minimum, bag everything before placing it in your waste container. Double bag things like pet feces, cat litter or vacuum cleaner dust. Liquids should be labeled.

Let it Flow
Garbage should come out easily from your can; you can accomplish this by using bags. Better yet, forget the container and leave the bags in your collection area; they are easy to grab and toss into the trucks.

Keep it Clean
It’s surprising how many people leave their garbage in a manner that makes it difficult to reach or access. Keep the area around your garbage containers clean and safe for the workers. Garbage should be readily accessible (shoveled out, clear and safe path).

Containers cannot be lifted more than 15 cm over a lip or edge. This means that if you build an enclosure it should not require the collector to lift the bags or container a significant amount to pull it out. To see the ideal garbage stand, have a look here.

A good design

A good design

Collection for households is now weekly, with both recycling and garbage collected on the same day.

The city also has assisted waste collection for those who have disabilities or difficulties getting their waste to the curb.

Edmonton Master Composter Recycler Program Lesson Six: Eco Stations and Household Hazardous Waste

Over the past month I have been sharing my experience with the Edmonton Master Composter-Recycler Program. Maybe it will inspire somebody to learn more about composting. Maybe a few people will discover more about recycling. Perhaps more than one reader will find something here that they can take away and use in their own community.

Eco Station

Eco Station

Edmonton began holding city household toxic roundups in 1987. People could drop off their hazardous household waste at select locations around the city. They were three day events, once yearly, and continued until 1994.

Out of a demand for more regular service, the City began planning for a permanent solution. In August 1995 the first Eco Station was opened in Strathcona; 26,350 vehicles visited in 1996 alone. In December 1999 the City opened its second station at Coronation.

By 2006 more than 130,000 vehicles were visiting the Eco Stations and it was time to open a third at Ambleside. Ambleside features a reuse area where staff can place items that they feel others might use, like furniture or electronics in good condition. In 2014 our fourth Eco Station will open near the elvedere transit station (Kennedale).

Eco Stations provide a safe means of disposing of hazardous materials that may cause fire, injury or health concerns. It also keeps these materials out of landfill and therefore the environment.

Inside the Eco Station

Inside the Eco Station

Hazardous waste includes chemicals, metals, electronics, appliances, batteries, fluorescent tubes, tires, and paint. Recyclables are also accepted at Eco Stations as well as large bulky items, small appliances, lawn clippings and many other items. If you’re not sure about what goes where, check out this link.

Paint comes in large volumes into the station. They have a paint exchange program where people can drop off or pick up partial cans of paints. Some paints are mixed and now are available for sale in shops as “ecopaint”.

Chemicals are packed in drums and sent to contractors who further recycle or incinerate them. Oils can be mixed and used as a burner fuel or in asphalt. Tires are used in rubber paving stones and to make livestock mattresses. Metals in computer components get extracted and reused.

Eco Stations don’t accept explosives, radioactive waste, pressurized gases or anything dangerous to handle.

Now over 220,000 vehicles visit Eco Stations each year. They are successful because they are convenient, comprehensive and affordable.

Thank you: This week we were visited by Jenna from the Coronation Eco Station

Edmonton Master Composter Recycler Program: Touring the Reuse Centre

Over the past month I have been sharing my experience with the Edmonton Master Composter-Recycler Program. Maybe it will inspire somebody to learn more about composting. Maybe a few people will discover more about recycling. Perhaps more than one reader will find something here that they can take away and use in their own community.

20130320-093420.jpg

When I heard we were going to visit the Reuse Centre at 103A Avenue and 100th Street, I was excited. Believe it or not, I’d never been there before – which is surprising given how much I’m into reuse.

We were met by Hayley Orton, the Volunteer Coordinator for the Centre. It’s her job to coordinate the hundreds of people who help keep the place organized and running (last year 400 volunteers donated 4000 hours of time sorting items that come into the shop).

Hayley explained how donated items, simple things like balls of yarn and milk jug lids, get weighed when they are brought in. They are sorted by teams of volunteers who separate items and put them out in bins for people to buy.

Video: Reuse Centre

Customers pay $5 to purchase as much as they like at any one visit. The goal isn’t to make a huge amount of cash, its to keep these items from going into the waste stream. As things leave the Centre they are weighed again in an effort to keep track of how much material is kept out of the waste system. Last year they took in a whopping 142.3 tonnes and sold 107 tonnes.

The Centre is popular among teachers, daycare workers, children and crafters. There are materials to keep busy minds occupied and stimulate creativity, all at a reasonable price.

The Reuse Centre has a relationship with Goodwill Industries: sometimes they will get items that they cannot use, like clothing or toys, and those items get sent to Goodwill. In return, Goodwill sends over any items that the Reuse Centre has a need for.

Over the years they’ve determined which items are most requested, and this list determines what items are accepted for donation. They don’t accept electronics, household items (knick knacks), toys or things that are accepted typically at other institutions in the city. They aren’t in competition with other types of reuse facilities like the Habitat for Humanity ReStore or Value Village.

The Reuse Centre grew out of the popularity of reuse fairs which in turn originated in the 1980’s as garbage fairs. Many communities still hold reuse fairs as a means to support the Reuse Centre or their own community members and organizations.

So, I know, you’re wondering about that microwave you want to donate. Where do you take it? Well, the cool thing is that there’s a website to answer that question. Just go to www.edmonton.ca/reusedirectory where you can type in an item and it’ll tell you where in the city that item is accepted.

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Special thanks to two volunteers who assisted with our tour:
Trudy Papsdorf – volunteer at the reuse centre, MCR 1996
Hetal Patel – volunteer at reuse cente, MCR 2012